The second sarsanghchalak chief of the RSS after K. Hedgewar, Golwalkar remained the ideological guru of the Right-wing organisation for 33 years, from until his death in He took the RSS to great institutional strength after independence. He wrote a book in on nationalism and the idea of a nation, called Bunch of Thoughts. Historian Ramachandra Guha once equated the value of Bunch of Thoughts for believers in the political ideology of Hindutva to that of the Bible for Christians, or the Quran for Muslims. He was the only surviving son out of nine children.
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His family was prosperous and supported him in his studies, activities. Sadashivrao, a former clerk in the Posts and Telegraphs Department, became a teacher in the Central Provinces and ended his career as headmaster of a high school.
Golwalkar was the only surviving son of nine children. Since his father was frequently transferred around the country, he attended a number of schools. Golwalkar studied science and was apt and apolitical as a student. As an adolescent, he developed a deep interest in religion and spiritual meditation. At the college, he was reportedly incensed at the "open advocacy" of Christianity and the disparagement of Hinduism ; much of his concern for the defence of Hinduism is traceable to this experience.
His students called him "Guruji" because of his beard, long hair and simple robe, a practice later continued in a reverential manner by his RSS followers. Golwalkar returned to Nagpur , and obtained a law degree by Hedgewar , founded an RSS shakha in Varanasi. According to RSS sources, Hedgewar encouraged him to pursue a law degree because it would give him the reputation required of an RSS leader. In , Hedgewar made him secretary karyavah of the main Nagpur branch.
He became a disciple of Swami Akhandananda , who was a disciple of Ramakrishna and brother monk of Swami Vivekananda. In , he was asked to translate G. One reason advanced for his choice is that he was thought likely to maintain RSS independence, otherwise liable to be regarded as a youth front of the Hindu Mahasabha. A shakha was founded in Srinagar in , and Golwalkar visited the city in Although it is believed that the maharaja agreed to the proposal, the accession was not signed until 26 October after the invasion by Pakistan.
It remained aloof from the freedom movement, and connections with the Hindu Mahasabha were severed. Limaye, resigned. He created a network of prant pracharaks provincial organisers , who would report to him rather than to the sanghchalaks. It also expected a renewed Hindu-Muslim struggle after the war. Golwalkar did not want to give the British government an excuse to ban the RSS. He complied with all governmental instructions, disbanding the RSS military department and avoiding the Quit India movement.
The British acknowledged that the organisation "scrupulously kept itself within the law, and refrained from taking part in the disturbances that broke out in August, ". Later on, it was found that the conspiracy was carried out by a section of the Hindu Mahasabha. The mass arrests, violence against members and the ban by an independent Indian government of what was understood as a patriotic organisation was a shock to the RSS membership. Patel then demanded, as a precondition, that the RSS adopt a written constitution.
Golwalkar responded by beginning a satyagraha on 9 December , and he and 60, RSS volunteers were arrested. The ban was lifted on 11 July Writings and Ideology[ edit ] Golwalkar is known to have propagated Dharmic teachings.
This is why we say that in this nation of Bharat, living principles of the Hindu society are the living systems of this nation. For example, in his book This is We or Our Nationhood Defined published in , he compares the creation of a Hindu culture propagating the concept of acceptance of a shared Hindu heritage.
MS Golwalkar, the RSS chief who remains ‘Guruji’ to some, a ‘bigot’ to others
But it was a mistake to rope in Christians who disregarded the motherland through their attempts to proselytise Hindus, he said. If we worship in the temple, he would desecrate it. If we carry on bhajans and car festivals, that would irritate him. If we worship cow, he would like to eat it. If we glorify woman as a symbol of sacred motherhood, he would like to molest her. He was tooth and nail opposed to our way of life in all aspects.
Bunch Of Thoughts
Return to Book Page. Those who want to know the ideology of RSS should read this book. India lodges protest with Pakistan over killing of BSF personnel. Rajaram Ramesh Nagaraj Rao K. On our part, we should remain vigilant and strong-willed so that all such wavering elements will find it in their own interest to merge in the mainstream of nationalism. The Sangh has a very strong discipline and organisation strength as its major positive force along with its intention to be self-less in the service and hence not identifying the separate existence while carrying on the service work during calamities. To verify, just follow the link in the message.
Why Pranab Mukherjee should urge the RSS to rewrite its guru MS Golwalkar's ‘Bunch of Thoughts’
His family was prosperous and supported him in his studies, activities. Sadashivrao, a former clerk in the Posts and Telegraphs Department, became a teacher in the Central Provinces and ended his career as headmaster of a high school. Golwalkar was the only surviving son of nine children. Since his father was frequently transferred around the country, he attended a number of schools.