Youth[ edit ] Dufty produced some autobiographical notes in the first chapter, "It is necessary to be personal", of his book Sugar Blues : We spent our summers at Crystal Lake until I was twelve or thirteen. The day my voice began to change was the beginning of the end of my radio career. In the thirties — mooching my way through college holding a job or two on the side — I was so poor I put every cent on my back where it would show…I took to collegiate journalism as a kind of lark. There I discovered that the cigarette companies virtually subsidized the university paper with their advertising. But I could sniff another war in the offing
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Click logo for members access area. His working definition of "poison" was: "Medically: Any substance applied to the body, ingested or developed within the body, which causes or may cause disease. Physically: Any substance which inhibits the activity of a catalyst which is a minor substance, chemical or enzyme that activates a reaction. Dr Martin classified refined sugar as a poison because it has been depleted of its life forces, vitamins and minerals.
The body cannot utilize this refined starch and carbohydrate unless the depleted proteins, vitamins and minerals are present. Nature supplies these elements in each plant in quantities sufficient to metabolize the carbohydrate in that particular plant.
There is no excess for other added carbohydrates. Pyruvic acid accumulates in the brain and nervous system and the abnormal sugars in the red blood cells. These toxic metabolites interfere with the respiration of the cells. They cannot get sufficient oxygen to survive and function normally.
In time, some of the cells die. This interferes with the function of a part of the body and is the beginning of degenerative disease. It lacks the natural minerals which are present in the sugar beet or cane. So essential is balance to our bodies that we have many ways to provide against the sudden shock of a heavy intake of sugar.
Minerals such as sodium from salt , potassium and magnesium from vegetables , and calcium from the bones are mobilized and used in chemical transmutation; neutral acids are produced which attempt to return the acid-alkaline balance factor of the blood to a more normal state.
Sugar taken every day produces a continuously overacid condition, and more and more minerals are required from deep in the body in the attempt to rectify the imbalance. Finally, in order to protect the blood, so much calcium is taken from the bones and teeth that decay and general weakening begin. Excess sugar eventually affects every organ in the body.
Initially, it is stored in the liver in the form of glucose glycogen. When the liver is filled to its maximum capacity, the excess glycogen is returned to the blood in the form of fatty acids. These are taken to every part of the body and stored in the most inactive areas: the belly, the buttocks, the breasts and the thighs.
When these comparatively harmless places are completely filled, fatty acids are then distributed among active organs, such as the heart and kidneys. These begin to slow down; finally their tissues degenerate and turn to fat.
The whole body is affected by their reduced ability, and abnormal blood pressure is created. The parasympathetic nervous system is affected; and organs governed by it, such as the small brain, become inactive or paralyzed. Normal brain function is rarely thought of as being as biologic as digestion. The circulatory and lymphatic systems are invaded, and the quality of the red corpuscles starts to change.
An overabundance of white cells occurs, and the creation of tissue becomes slower. Excessive sugar has a strong mal-effect on the functioning of the brain. The key to orderly brain function is glutamic acid, a vital compound found in many vegetables.
The B vitamins play a major role in dividing glutamic acid into antagonistic-complementary compounds which produce a "proceed" or "control" response in the brain. B vitamins are also manufactured by symbiotic bacteria which live in our intestines. When refined sugar is taken daily, these bacteria wither and die, and our stock of B vitamins gets very low. Too much sugar makes one sleepy; our ability to calculate and remember is lost. This incident occurred when a vessel carrying a cargo of sugar was shipwrecked in The five surviving sailors were finally rescued after being marooned for nine days.
They were in a wasted condition due to starvation, having consumed nothing but sugar and rum. The eminent French physiologist F. Magendie was inspired by that incident to conduct a series of experiments with animals, the results of which he published in In the experiments, he fed dogs a diet of sugar or olive oil and water. All the dogs wasted and died.
As a steady diet, sugar is worse than nothing. Plain water can keep you alive for quite some time. Sugar and water can kill you. Humans [and animals] are "unable to subsist on a diet of sugar". From that day to this, the sugar industry has invested millions of dollars in behind-the-scenes, subsidized science.
The best scientific names that money could buy have been hired, in the hope that they could one day come up with something at least pseudoscientific in the way of glad tidings about sugar.
Sir Frederick Banting, the codiscoverer of insulin, noticed in in Panama that, among sugar plantation owners who ate large amounts of their refined stuff, diabetes was common. Among native cane-cutters, who only got to chew the raw cane, he saw no diabetes. However, the story of the public relations attempts on the part of the sugar manufacturers began in Britain in when the Committee of West India reported to the House of Commons that a prize of twenty-five guineas had been offered to anyone who could come up with the most "satisfactory" experiments to prove that unrefined sugar was good for feeding and fattening oxen, cows, hogs and sheep.
Sugar, by then, was dirt cheap. Naturally, the attempt to feed livestock with sugar and molasses in England in was a disaster. When the Committee on West India made its fourth report to the House of Commons, one Member of Parliament, John Curwin, reported that he had tried to feed sugar and molasses to calves without success.
He suggested that perhaps someone should try again by sneaking sugar and molasses into skimmed milk. Had anything come of that, you can be sure the West Indian sugar merchants would have spread the news around the world. After this singular lack of success in pushing sugar in cow pastures, the West Indian sugar merchants gave up. With undaunted zeal for increasing the market demand for the most important agricultural product of the West Indies, the Committee of West India was reduced to a tactic that has served the sugar pushers for almost years: irrelevant and transparently silly testimonials from faraway, inaccessible people with some kind of "scientific" credentials.
One early commentator called them "hired consciences". At the same time, the same Dr Rush was preaching that masturbation was the cause of insanity! If a weasel-worded statement like that was quoted, one can be sure no animal doctor could be found in Britain who would recommend sugar for the care and feeding of cows, pigs or sheep.
The material covered the period from the midth century to From this great repository of scientific inquiry, McCollum selected those experiments which he regarded as significant "to relate the story of progress in discovering human error in this segment of science [of nutrition]". Professor McCollum failed to record a single controlled scientific experiment with sugar between and Unhappily, we must remind ourselves that scientists today, and always, accomplish little without a sponsor.
The protocols of modern science have compounded the costs of scientific inquiry. What, you might ask, is The Nutrition Foundation, Inc.? Dr Price took the whole world as his laboratory.
His devastating conclusion, recorded in horrifying detail in area after area, was simple. People who live under so-called backward primitive conditions had excellent teeth and wonderful general health. They ate natural, unrefined food from their own locale.
As soon as refined, sugared foods were imported as a result of contact with "civilization", physical degeneration began in a way that was definitely observable within a single generation. Any credibility the sugar pushers have is based on our ignorance of works like that of Dr Price. Sugar manufacturers keep trying, hoping and contributing generous research grants to colleges and universities; but the research laboratories never come up with anything solid the manufacturers can use.
Invariably, the research results are bad news. It is store food that has given us store teeth. In , Time magazine reported that a Harvard biochemist and his assistants had worked with myriads of mice for more than ten years, bankrolled by the Sugar Research Foundation, Inc. It took them ten years to discover that there was no way to prevent sugar causing dental decay. When the researchers reported their findings in the Dental Association Journal, their source of money dried up. The Sugar Research Foundation withdrew its support.
The more that the scientists disappointed them, the more the sugar pushers had to rely on the ad men. They boasted there were 2, calories in a pound of sugar. A little over a quarter-pound of sugar would produce 20 per cent of the total daily quota.
What was once a luxury only a privileged few could enjoy is now a food for the poorest of people. What was meant by purity, besides the unarguable fact that all vitamins, minerals, salts, fibres and proteins had been removed in the refining process? Well, the sugar pushers came up with a new slant on purity. Every grain is like every other. No waste attends its use. No useless bones like in meat, no grounds like coffee. When honey is labeled pure, this means that it is in its natural state stolen directly from the bees who made it , with no adulteration with sucrose to stretch it and no harmful chemical residues which may have been sprayed on the flowers.
It does not mean that the honey is free from minerals like iodine, iron, calcium, phosphorus or multiple vitamins. So effective is the purification process which sugar cane and beets undergo in the refineries that sugar ends up as chemically pure as the morphine or the heroin a chemist has on the laboratory shelves.
What nutritional virtue this abstract chemical purity represents, the sugar pushers never tell us. Beginning with World War I, the sugar pushers coated their propaganda with a preparedness pitch. The energy-building power of sugar reaches the muscles in minutes and it was of value to soldiers as a ration given them just before an attack was launched. All other foods contain energy plus.
All foods contain some nutrients in the way of proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins or minerals, or all of these. Sucrose contains caloric energy, period. The "quick" energy claim the sugar pushers talk about, which drives reluctant doughboys over the top and drives children up the wall, is based on the fact that refined sucrose is not digested in the mouth or the stomach but passes directly to the lower intestines and thence to the bloodstream.
The extra speed with which sucrose enters the bloodstream does more harm than good.
For that, this book is excellent or at least appears to be - more on that shortly. Beyond a history lesson though, it falls seriously short. The author is clearly a fanatic, as evidenced by his blaming everything from mental illnesses to the Bubonic plague to freckles on sugar consumption. In that same vein, I also tend to believe refined carbohydrates are more damaging to our bodies than saturated fat, which has been a staple part of our diets for millennia.
Contents[ edit ] The book has 14 chapters, 78 references, five pages of notes, and a page index. The book reviews the history of the world from the point of view of sugar, sounding the alarm of its deleterious and debilitating effects. The Mark of Cane " Benjamin Delessert found a way to prepare the lowly Babylonian beet into a new kind of sugar loaf at Plessy in Napoleon awarded him the Legion of Honour.