ESPONDILOSIS CERVICAL PDF

Estos cambios pueden incluir: Discos deshidratados. Hernia de los discos. El aumento de la edad puede hacer que los ligamentos de la columna vertebral se endurezcan y se calcifiquen , haciendo que su cuello sea menos flexible. Factores de riesgo Los factores de riesgo para la espondilosis cervical incluyen: Edad. La espondilosis cervical es una parte normal del envejecimiento.

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Muscle weakness makes it hard to lift the arms or grasp objects firmly. Other common signs include: headaches that mostly occur in the back of the head tingling or numbness that mainly affects the shoulders and arms, although it can also occur in the legs Symptoms that occur less frequently often include a loss of balance and a loss of bladder or bowel control. These symptoms warrant immediate medical attention. When to see a doctor If you have the sudden onset of numbness or tingling in the shoulder, arms, or legs, or if you lose bowel or bladder control, talk to your doctor and seek medical attention as soon as possible.

This is a medical emergency. If your pain and discomfort start to interfere with your daily activities, you may wish to make an appointment with your doctor. Although the condition is often the result of aging, there are treatments available that can reduce pain and stiffness.

Testing for and diagnosing the condition Making a diagnosis of cervical spondylosis involves ruling out other potential conditions, such as fibromyalgia. Making a diagnosis also involves testing for movement and determining the affected nerves, bones, and muscles. Your doctor may treat your condition or refer you to an orthopedic specialist, neurologist , or neurosurgeon for further testing. Physical exam Your doctor will start by asking you several questions regarding your symptoms.

Typical exams include testing your reflexes, checking for muscle weakness or sensory deficits, and testing the range of motion of your neck. Your doctor might also want to watch how you walk. All of this helps your doctor determine if your nerves and spinal cord are under too much pressure. Imaging tests X-rays can be used to check for bone spurs and other abnormalities.

A CT scan can provide more detailed images of your neck. An MRI scan , which produces images using radio waves and a magnetic field, helps your doctor locate pinched nerves. In a myelogram, a dye injection is used to highlight certain areas of your spine.

CT scans or X-rays are then used to provide more detailed images of these areas. An electromyogram EMG is used to check that your nerves are functioning normally when sending signals to your muscles. A nerve conduction study checks the speed and strength of the signals a nerve sends.

This is done by placing electrodes on your skin where the nerve is located. Treatments for cervical spondylosis focus on providing pain relief, lowering the risk of permanent damage, and helping you lead a normal life. Nonsurgical methods are usually very effective. Physical therapy Your doctor might send you to a physical therapist for treatment. Physical therapy helps you stretch your neck and shoulder muscles.

This makes them stronger and ultimately helps to relieve pain. You might also have neck traction. This involves using weights to increase the space between the cervical joints and relieve the pressure on the cervical discs and nerve roots. This can involve removing bone spurs, parts of your neck bones, or herniated discs to give your spinal cord and nerves more room. Surgery is rarely necessary for cervical spondylosis. Use a heating pad or a cold pack on your neck to provide pain relief for sore muscles.

Exercise regularly to help you recover faster. Wear a soft neck brace or soft collar to get temporary relief. Outlook for cervical spondylosis Cervical spondylosis is a common, and often age-related, condition that can cause stiffness, discomfort, and headaches related to neck pain. Your doctor may not be able to reverse the condition, but they can often recommend conservative treatments to help you overcome the discomfort and pain.

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