Background[ edit ] The ballet, based on an earlier ballet composed in by Khachaturian called Happiness,  was created when the Kirov ballet was in Perm. Khachaturian started composing the score in autumn  and the ballet was first mounted on 3 December on the small stage of the Perm state theatre. Despite these limitations, the effect was profound; in effect, the message was that the company was continuing to exist and to produce new ballets, despite the very hard times. Anisimova invited different dancers to participate in her ballet, dancers who happened to be in the city at that time; there was a sense of camaraderie and combined effort which suited the positive feeling of the ballet itself. The composition, the music, the dancing, all together created something which, regardless of the weaknesses in the libretto, expressed the triumph of dancing and its many different possibilities.
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They had 5 children, one daughter and four sons, of whom Aram was the youngest. In Tiflis, which has historically been multicultural, Khachaturian was exposed to various cultures. In a article "My Idea of the Folk Element in Music", Khachaturian described the city environment and its influence on his career: I grew up in an atmosphere rich in folk music: popular festivities, rites, joyous and sad events in the life of the people always accompanied by music, the vivid tunes of Armenian, Azerbaijani and Georgian songs and dances performed by folk bards [ ashugs ] and musicians — such were the impressions that became deeply engraved on my memory, that determined my musical thinking.
They shaped my musical consciousness and lay at the foundations of my artistic personality Whatever the changes and improvements that took place in my musical taste in later years, their original substance, formed in early childhood in close communion with the people, has always remained the natural soil nourishing all my work.
After over two years of fragile independence, Armenia fell to Soviet rule in late Georgia was also Sovietized by the spring of Both countries formally became part of the Soviet Union in December To this people is dedicated my entire conscious life, as is all my creative work. In , Khachaturian entered the Moscow Conservatory to study composition under Nikolai Myaskovsky and orchestration under Sergei Vasilenko. In fact, in his memoirs he reported pride about leading an institution that organized creative work in many musical genres and especially in all Soviet republics.
In Khachaturian made a six-month trip to his native Armenia "to make a thorough study of Armenian musical folklore and to collect folk-song and dance tunes" for his first ballet, Happiness which he completed in the same year. He learned a lot, saw and heard many things anew, and at the same time he had an insight into the tastes and artistic requirements of the Armenian people. It was a great success that earned Khachaturian a Soviet State Prize.
On 10—13 January , a conference was held at the Kremlin in the presence of seventy musicians, composers, conductors and others who were confronted by Zhdanov:  We will consider that if these comrades Shostakovich , Prokofiev , Myaskovsky , Khachaturian, Kabalevsky and Shebalin namely who are the principal and leading figures of the formalist direction in music.
And that direction is fundamentally incorrect. Thus, Khachaturian and other leading composers were denounced by the Communist Party as followers of the alleged formalism  i. He conducted the National Symphony Orchestra in a program of his own works.
Who created it? Aram Khachaturian created the music as well as the ballet. When and where was it created? Using material from this ballet, Khachaturian radically rewrote it, thereby creating the Gayane Ballet in in Molotov.