Section Details What is a Para-Jumble? As the name of the topic suggests, we encounter jumbling here. But the name of the topic is in a way misleading, because we are not jumbling paragraphs here but we are actually straightening out jumbled sentences in a paragraph. This type of question is actually pretty common in CAT and in recent years, CAT question setters have shown quite a propensity for these questions. But what exactly is required of us?
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Section Details What is a Para-Jumble? As the name of the topic suggests, we encounter jumbling here. But the name of the topic is in a way misleading, because we are not jumbling paragraphs here but we are actually straightening out jumbled sentences in a paragraph. This type of question is actually pretty common in CAT and in recent years, CAT question setters have shown quite a propensity for these questions.
But what exactly is required of us? Each sentence is labelled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the given choices to construct a coherent paragraph. US secretary of state Hillary Clinton arrived in India on Sunday for strategic talks aimed at bolstering bilateral ties and securing firmer support for the war in Afghanistan.
Clinton arrived by plane in Delhi before noon, according to a reporter travelling with her, ahead of expected talks with Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and President Pratibha Patel in the evening. What is his exact purpose in the paragraph? Is he explicating something or is he criticizing something? Being able to identify his purpose in the paragraph will obviously help us to establish the order of sentences. In any case, you would have realized by now that the above qualities are actually the product of possessing a good reading habit.
So kindly keep in mind that as much exposure you provide yourself to varied reading material as possible. Strategies for solving a Para-Jumble A number of points can be kept in mind while solving a para-jumble question. Kindly keep in mind that these would have to be applied in close coordination with one another in most cases, and individual application of these might not solve the question.
If you can do that, then you will be able to fix at least one sentence in its position. As an example solve the following question: In bulk processing, a set of standard prices typically emerge. Competing therefore means keeping products flowing, trying to improve quality, getting costs down.
Let us look at the two cultures of competition. Production tends to be repetitive-much the same from day to day or even year to year. ABDC 3. It introduces the two cultures of completion and then statement A goes on to explain bulk processing.
Rest of sentences are actually just an explanation of the same and go into details of bulk processing. This can also be sued a reliable guide to solve questions, wherein you identify the general statement first and then move to specific ones.
STRATEGY 2: Identifying the closing sentence The second strategy to solve a para-jumble question is to identify the sentence with which the paragraph could possible close. This is actually a logical extension of the above point only and forms a continuation of the same. As an example solve the following question: But the last decade has witnessed greater voting and political participation by various privileged sections.
If one goes by the earlier record of mid-term elections, it is likely that the turnout in will drop by anything between four and six percentage points over the already low polling of 58 percent in If this trend offsets the mid-term poll fatigue; the fall may not be so steep. Notwithstanding a good deal of speculation on this issue it is still not clear as to who benefits from a lower turnout.
ABCD 3. CBDA Two simple things that you need to do here is identify the opening and closing sentence. The most general and introductory statement is B. Statement D provides a perfect closure for the paragraph, it leaves a question mark so as to what is going to happen in the case of a low turnout.
All that you needed to do was identify the purpose of these two statements and you would have arrived at the answer, that is option 1. These are basically groupings which will occur in a defined order. Once you identify such pairs, all you need to do is co-relate them with the answer options, voila, your question is solved. As an example solve the following question: By reasoning we mean the mental process of drawing an inference from two or more statements or going from the inferences to the statements, which yield that inference.
So logical reasoning covers those types of questions, which imply drawing as inferences from the problems. Logic means, if we take its original meaning, the science of valid reasoning. Clearly for understating arguments and drawing the inferences correctly, it is necessary that we should understand the statements first.
CABD 3. Statement C defines reasoning for us, and statement A takes it forward by defining reasoning. This forms a perfect mandatory pair, one which cannot separated. As far as identifying the correct answer, we can see that statement C is also the most general statement of all and forms the perfect opening sentence. Combining our two strategies, we can arrive at the answer easily.
Just to re-check, read the complete set of sentence of option 2, and see how they make perfect sense. Hence, we arrive at out answer: option 2.
They function like logical connectors in sentences. Observing the transition words found in a sentence will often lead you to the correct mandatory pair for the question. In fact, from our perspective, that is the role of transition words, to help us in identifying mandatory pairs.
A list of commonly used transition words is: also, again, as well as, besides, furthermore, in addition, likewise, moreover, similarly, consequently, hence, otherwise, subsequently, therefore, thus, as a rule, generally, for instance, for example, for one thing, above all, aside from, barring, besides, in other words, in short, instead, likewise, on one hand, on the other hand, rather, similarly, yet, but, however, still, nevertheless, first of all, to begin with, at the same time, for now, for the time being, in time, later on, meanwhile, next, then, soon, the meantime, later, while, earlier, simultaneously, afterward, in conclusion, with this in mind, after all, all in all, to sum up.
As an example solve the following question: A. How do you do battle with your enemy? With regard to defence, the purpose of the military is to defend the nation and be prepared to do battle with its enemy. Obviously, it signifies that something contrary to this was expressed in previous sentence. Hence, we arrive at the sequence BAC, which in effect is a time sequence also, from past to the present moment. A further look at the question will also enable you to identify the pair FDE.
Hence, the correct answer is option 1. Just keep in mind that personal pronouns always refer to a person, place or thing etc. Therefore the use of personal pronoun in a sentence can imply that the person or thing being referred to was mentioned in a previous statement. You would have realized by now what this would do for so. Obviously, this can provide us with our all important mandatory pair. Although there are large regional variations, it is not infrequent to find a large number of people sitting here and there and doing nothing.
Once in office, they receive friends and relatives who feel free to call any time without prior appointment. While working, one is struck by the slow and clumsy actions and reactions, indifferent attitudes, procedure rather than outcome orientation, and the lack of consideration for others. Even those who are employed often come late to the office and leave early unless they are forced to be punctual. Work is not intrinsically valued in India. Quite often people visit ailing friends and relatives or go out of their way to help them in their personal matters even during office hours.
One link that you can establish on the base of pronoun identification is DB. And the same people are further referred to in statement F, with them going out of their way to help their friends and relatives. See how the continuity of thought is affected in these sentences. Now the thing that needs to be established is the start. Statement E forms the pretty obvious start, and its continuation is in fact statement C and not A. Statement C again talks about the working mannerisms of people, thereby becoming an extension of Statement A.
Hence, we reach at out answer: option 1. Postscript With this, we have completed the concepts and strategies that are used to solve Para-jumble questions. This would provide you with an intrinsic sense of how paragraphs are formed and hence would help you to solve these questions.
Parajumbles for CAT PDF
In fact, they are an important feature of other MBA entrance exams as well. Though there has been a slight change in the CAT pattern of Para jumbles, the approach to this question type more or less still remains the same. Some parajumbles questions with answers for practice are given below. But before you start with these, Learning tips and tricks of parajumbles for CAT in strongly recommended. Understand the meaning of coherent paragraph: The CAT Parajumbles instruction says that you have to create a coherent paragraph. For that, you must understand the meaning of a coherent paragraph. Please go through this video Meaning of coherent paragraph Understanding the structure of a coherent paragraph: You should know how a coherent paragraph looks different from an incoherent paragraph.
CAT Parajumbles Questions with Solutions and [PDF]
All the Rules in Brief 1. What are Parajumbles? Parajumbles are jumbled paragraphs. Basically, you are given a paragraph - but the sentences are not in the right order. Normally instructions for this type of questions will read "Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the given choices to construct a coherent paragraph". Given below would be 4 or 5 perplexing sentences which he would need to sort and arrange like a jigsaw puzzle.
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